Last Updated - 6 March 2003



King Ludwig Statue

Judy A. Remmick-Hubert standing next to the statue  the people of Edenkoben dedicated to the Bavarian King Ludwig I who built his summer resident just above Edenkoben / Palatinate, Germany in the low rolling hills dotted with vineyards.- 1991

Rulers of the Palatinate of the Rhine

............................. Map -Weinstrasse Road showing Edenkoben

Map showing Palatinate and Bavaria - 1923, bottom of this page

Years of Reign
Charlemagne conquered Bavaria in the 8th  century  and in time it became part of Saxony.....which was held by the desc. of Hermann Billung....
Counts of Palatine
959 - 989 Egon von Ehrenfried
989-1035 Herman I, Count Palatine of Aix-la-Chapelle
1035-1045 Otto I
1045-1061 Henry I, younger son of Egon, who is often given the title of Count Palatine of the Lorrains
1061-1085 Herman II,  son of Egon and brother of Henry I
1085 -1095 Henry II, son of Henry I, Count Palatine of the Rhine
1095-1140 Siegfried von Ballenstadt, grandson of  Henry II
1140-1143 Herman III, Count of Staleck
1143-1156 William  von Ballenstadt
1156-1196 Conrad von Hohenstaufen
1196-1213 Henry III of Saxony, son of Henry, Duke of Bavaria
1213-1215 Henry IV
1215-1228 Louis I of Wittelsbach, Duke of  Bavaria
1228-1253 Otto II, son of Otto I (V), son of Otto IV, Pgr. of Bavaria
1253-1294 Louis II, The Server, Duke of Upper Bavaria, son of Ott II
1294-1319 Rudolph of Bavaria. The Stammerer, son of Louis II
1319-1327 Adolph, the Simple, sonof Rudolph b. 1300 d. 1327
1327-1353 Rudolph II, son of Rudolph I b. 1306 d. 1353
1353-1390 Rupert I, son of Rudolph I b. 1309 d. 1390
1390-1398 Rupert II, sonof Adolph, the Simple b. 1335 d. 1398
1398-1410 Rupert III, son of Rupert II b. 1352 d. 1410
Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire begain in 1400 and Palatinate was part of this rule and thereby called a German state
Counts of  Palatine  of the Holy Roman Empire
Palatainate was divided into four areas by Rupert III's four sons through their inheritance.  Louis ruled Palatinate of the Rhine; John ruled the Upper Palatinate (i.e. northern Bavaria); Christopher gained Zwekbruecken and Simmern; and Otto recieved Mosbach.
1410-1435 Ludwig III, son of Rupert III
1435-1449 Ludwig IV, son of Ludwig III b. 1424 d. 1476
1449-1476 Frederick I, the Victorious, son of Ludwig III b. 1425 d. 1476
1476-1508 Philip, son of Ludwig IV b. 1448 d. 1508
1508-1544 Ludwig V, son of Philip b. 1547-1544
1544-1556 Frederick II, the Wisse, son of Philip b. 1482 d. 1556
1566-1559 Otto, grandson of Philip b. 1502 d. 1559
1559-1576 Frederick III, the Pious b. 151 d. 1576
1576-1583 Ludwig VI, son of Frederick III b. 1539 d. 1583
1583-1592 Guardian of Frederick IV John Casimir, son of Frederick III b. 1543 d. 1592
1592-1610 Elector of Palatinate Frederick IV, the Upright, son of Ludwig VI
1610-1623 "The Winter King" Frederick V, son of Frederick IV [see Czechoslovakia) b. 1596 d. 1632 who m.  Elisabeth, the dau. of  King James I of England [James VI, King of Scotland] and grandaughter of Mary, Queen of Scots......
Palatinate united with the German state of Bavaria 1623-1648
1623-1648 Maximilian I, the Great, Elector of Bavaria b. 1636 d. 1679
1648-1680 Electors of Palatinate Charles Ludwig, son of Frederick V b. 1617 d. 1680
1680-1685 Charles, son of Charles Ludwig b. 1651 d. 1685
1685-1690 Philip William b. 1615 d. 1690
1690-1716 John William, son of Philip William b. 1658 d. 1716
1716-1742 Charles Philip, son of Philip William b. 1661 d. 1742
1742-1799 Elector of Palatinate


Elector of Bavaria


Duke of Deux Ponts

Charles  [Karl] Theodore  b. 1724 d. 1799, a patron of arts and literature. There was a disagreement over his heir, Charles of Zweibruecken, which resulted in the War of Barvarian Sucession.  He was the son of John Christian Joseph, House of Wittelsbach

1799-1805 Maximilian IV Joseph b. 1724 d. 1825
 12 July 1806 - the Confederiation of the Rhine was orgaized. Napoleon was the "protector".  All German states accept Austria, Prussia, Brunswick and Hesse.  Palatinate and Bavaria came under the domination of France.
6 Aug 1806 - Holy Roman Empire was formally abolished under Napoleon's demands
1806-1825 King of Bavaria Maximilian  IV is given the crown of King by Napoleon in 1806 and become Maximilian I, King of Bavaria
1812 - Invasion of Russia . Bavarian King  requried to supply troops for invasion. Napoleon marched with 420,000 men and later with reinforcements of about 600,000.
7 Sept 1812 - Battle of Borodino
31 March 1814 - Russia leads the Allies into Paris and Napoleon abdicated 11 April 1814
18 June 1815 - Battle of Waterloo - Napoleon is defeated and abdicates the second time on  22 June 1815
1825-1848 Ludwig I, son of Elector Maximilian b. 1786 d. 1868. He abdicated his throne in 1848.  See photograph of his statue in Edenkoben above....
1848-1864 Maximilian II Joseph, son of Ludwig I b. 1811 d. 1864 m. Mary, dau. of Prince Wilhelm of  Prussia
1871 the Hohenzollerns  of Prussia [Minor House of Brandenberg] became Emperors of  Germany which collected all the German states except Austria and Luxembourg
1864-1886 Ludwig II, son of Maximilian II d. 1845 d. 1886.  Declared instate in 1886
1886-1913 Otto, brother of Ludwig II b. 1848 d. 1916, deposed 1913
1886-1912 Regent Luitpold, brother of Maximilian II b. 1821 d. 1912
1912-1913 Regent Ludwig III, son of Prince Regent Luitpold b. 1845 d. 1921
1913-1918 Ludwig III, abdicated 1918
1919 - German Repulbic
1934 - National Socialist Regine
1949 - German Federal Republic

 Map of Palatinate & Bavaria - 1923


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