Last Updated: 7 April 2012
Bessarabian History continuted......
Local, Province and National
Civil Rankings (including ecclesiastical) are:
The DISTRICTS OF BESSARABIA WERE:
According to historians there were 78 Governments and 18 Provinces or Regions plus the Island of Sakhalin. Four cities were "Prefectural" and directly answerable to the central authority. Governments were subdivided into Districts of difference sizes and a number of these were subdivided into towns and volosts [communes].
Head of each of the Provinces were the Governors who controlled the central power. Among these powers were :the promulgation of the laws; the control of their executions; the supervision of all the administrate institutions and was an agent of the Ministry of the Interior; the control of police and public assistance.
This was the executive committe which was parallel with the mayor of the villages and town.
This was the High Commissioner of Police
MARSHAL OF THE DISTRICT
Presided over the Zemstov
MIR or SKHOD:
Was the council for the municipal authories of the village communes lead by it's elders [starosta]. They discussed local taxes or schools, guardianships for minors, assistance to the poor and needed and distribution of lands.....
There were 465 noble families in Bessarabia by 1911. Of which 138 were of the old Moldavian nobility. 198 were raised to this status in the military and the official class. 64 of these were Polish.
Commissioner who worked under the Commissioner of Police
TUTELAR OFFICE FOR FOREIGN SETTLERS IN NEW RUSSIA:
Was establish in 1800 for the safeguarding of rights and privileges of the colonies being founded in New Russia [Black Sea, Odessa and Kherson] areas. The rights would extended after 1814 to the colonies in Bessarabia.
The Russian chief of police was used in serious cases.
VILLAGE Communes [COLONIES] ADMINISTRATION:
The laws set down as village communes by Tzar Paul I in 1800 carried over to later communes and colonies of the German-Russians. They provided a degree of freedom and responsibilities of the locals who freely elected their leaders.
District assemblies, which had it's own body of officials:
WELFARE COMMITTEE OF THE GERMAN COLONIES:
They were establish in 1818 with two branch offices. The main branch was in Jekaterinoslav. The others were in Kishinev and Odessa. Each had it's own hierarchy of officials. They were:
This was an elected assembly within the district. They were concern with local economics and agricultural affairs. They met once a year.
Established in 1889 created for the cantonal leaders who needed co-operation with administrative and judicial officials.