Last Updated:  1 Sept  2003

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Bessarabian History continuted......

Agriculture in Bessarabia,  S. Russia

As late as 1860 most of Bessarabia was considered to be grazing land.  Only 1,210,000 desyatins of land [2.7 acres = a desyatin] were under some kind of cultivation.  This was a corner of the world which few people took notice and those who did, were just realizing the potential use of this land.

By 1881 this cultivated area grew to 1,671,000 desyatins.

1909 it had grown to 2,319,700 desyatins.

There were 16,000 square miles, which is less than half of our state of Vermont and New Hampshire together.

The chief grain produced from 1911 to 1926 were the following [in order from the highest to lowest]:

Minor or Added later to the list were:


my Hein ancestors chief source of income were horses which were sold to the officers of the Tsar's army,  he also grew grapes which were of important value to the Bessarbian people. Before World War I [1918] the grapevines covered 1000,00 hectares.  The noted vineyards were:

The average production was 5,000,000 decaliters or 184,797 gallons

I do not know what kind of wine my great grandfather Michael Hein produced.  It may have been similar to the Redel Vineyards since his grandmothers was Margaretha, nee Roedel, Stehr.  


The following list is from deduction from books as to what was grown.  I don't know the quantity accept by 1918 there were about 100,000 acres in fruit which included some 5, 949,721 tree.

Animals [1893 to 1917] in order of importance:

Domestic Fowl:

Wild Birds



Borodino Church  Villages of German-Russians, A  List

In the village list  I mention more information on some of the animals, trees, etc. etc. etc., so take a look.  

Measurements of Distances, Capacity, Etc.





Hein Genealogy

  gr rose




Hubert Sym