Borodino Bess. , S. [Russia Ukraine] Pottery
Last Updated: 20 April 2004
In the NDSU's GRHC collection here is an article of HOME HISTORY CULTURE HISTORY on Borodino, Bessarabian Pottery found at the following URL:
Usually the pottery needed was basic "unitarian vessels for daily domestic use".
The technic used was the "wheel-thrown" cylinder.
My attention was first placed on the subject "Pottery in Borodino" and then my interest was to be heighten by the fact that it was the Frey and Reinhardt families, perhaps a relatives of my own Frey and Reinhardt family, who established pottery in Borodino.
The Frey and Reinhardts mentioned were:
Wilhelm Frey, Gottlieb (son), Adolf (grandson) and Edward (grandson)
Reinhold Reinhardt, who was the brother-in-law of Gottlieb Frey, and his brother Johannes Reinhardt, worked with the Freys.
Also mentioned as potters [G=Haefner] were Philipp Stauber and his son Martin. Briefly mentioned was another person, Christian Hoeger, who is probably a relative to me, also.
It is theorize, because no information is known accept fragments of data, one or several of the Freys and Reinhardts may have learned about pottery in Germany where they originally lived or later in Poland where they lived for a time before migrating to Bessarabia. The Freys settled in Kloestitz and the Reinhardts to _____ [this data in the article was not given]. Both families would settle in Borodino.
It is usual an occupation like pottery is learned as an apprentice who progressed to being a journey man, then a journey master and then a master if earned because a person just doesn't take a glob of clay, throw it on top of a pottery wheel and suddenly there is a plate or a jug. Pottery is more than an occupation, it is a craft and can be art. The raw material used will result in everything from a poor quality product to fine china. According to the documentary report which was written by Hugo Haegner in the Heinnmatkalender 1981, the clay used in Borodino was called "Letten", which produces the common "rusty-pink". To produce fine china there was needed a high component known as kaolinite, the clay kown as "Kaoline" needs a more complex method of removing inpurities.... To add to this are the various ways of glazing and firing.
Hugo Haegner spoke about his youth and time spent in the Frey workshop where items of earthenware such as "bowls, plates, cups, wine jugs, flowerpots, milk pots, cream pots and caning-preserve jars".
See my families of Frey and Reinhardt.
Web sites which tell more about pottery and it's history:
Borodino/Bess.Site You Are There