Odessa, S. Russia: Memories by Edward Remick b. 1900
Last Updated: 10 March 2006
Odessa History Continued
Odessa Harbour - A Deep Water Black Sea Port - Winter 1986
Photograph by Pat Hubert
In the 1914 edition of Karl Baedeker's Travels he tells us that Odessa [pron. Adyessa] was one of the most important commerical towns in the Black Sea and held the headquarters of the 8th Amry Corps. It's population was 630,000. It's chief export was grain and flour that was wroth 80,0000 rubles or 40,000 American dollars [of that time].
It is a deep harbour protected against silting..... In 1912 there was counted 719 steamers .....
It lies twenty miles from the mouth of the Dniester River.
The description of th town was just as interesting. It had wife and well-paved streets shaded with trees. Their pride was the wide Nicholas Blvd. with it's four rows of trees which carried a person toward the harbour and Alexander Park. At the end of the blvd. was the moument of is the bronze statue of a French nobelman Duc de Richelieu [erected in 1826] to remember it was he designed and created Odessa city while he was Governor-General from 1803 to 1914....
In 1803, Edward Remick's mother's family, the Pfaffs, journeyed with Duc de Richelieu to the old Odessa established in 1794 by Catherine II "the Great".
Before Odessa there was the village port town of Khadzhibei who's history dated back to a small Turco-Tartar who had taken up the ancient settlement of Ordessus which once belonged to the Sarmatians.....
Passed the statue of the Duc a person can gain a marvelous view of the harbor as well as the 193 granite steps that are forty feet wide and take a person down sea leavel and Nicholas Church.
193 Steps Down to Sea - Odessa - Summertime
The slopes that descended to the sea were sprinkled with private gardens and datchas.
One could follow paths that would take you to beaches that were popular in the summer.... Beach resturants, arcades and other shops, such as picture galleries, for the vacationer dotted this area.....
Odessa Was Known For It's Summer Holidays
The city had it's Places, Cathedrals and Opera House, theatres, municipal library, museums, large hospitals, clinics, and schools from the lowest level to university levels, as well as a Cadet and Artillery schools.... Law Courts.... And, of course, the trainway stations.
Interior of Odessa Opera House -1986
Catherine Square built in 1900 has a monument for the Empress Catherine II who is surrounded by other statues of Prince Potemkin, Count Zubov, Colonel de Volant, Admiral J. de Ribas.....
West side of Nicholas Blvd. is the Imperial Palace where the govenors resided, however, by 1912 it was the commander-in-chief of the troops of Odessa District who lived in the fine old palace.
There were eclectic tramways.....
In the Museum of Antiquities west of the City Hall [Duma] was held such items as:
There were three springs that gave the city it's fresh water.... Not found in the city is the Little Fountain, Middle Fountain, and Great Fountain which is just four miles from the German-Russian colony of Lustdorf....
The churches and Cathedrals Baedeker named were:
Russians visited Odessa in the winter, too. There was a large skating rink.....
The harbors was divided into four parts:
There were three limans [small inlets at the mouth of rivers separated from the main body of sea by a narrow string of land.... All of them were doted with summer homes, health spas and sanatoriums.....
Dates of interest:
Duc de Richelieu, Father of Odessa S. Russia
Duc de Richelieu was christian Armand Emmanuel Sophie Septimanie [sic] du Plessis in the year of his birth 1766. He would lived to the year 1822. He was the son of Louis de Plessis, the duc of de Fraonsac, and, the grandson of the well known marshal of Richelieus.
His life in ore detail can be on on pages 97 to 110 in Joseph S. Height's book HOMESTEADERS ON THE STEPPE, The Odyssey of a Pioneering People.
A few important highlights taken from his life story:
The Odessa harbor does freeze around the edges in winter. - 1986
Photograph by Pat Hubert
Odessa is presently  in the Russian state of the Ukraine.
MAP: Beresan Area includes the following: