Last updated: 13 May 2004
Map of Stately Residences, Palaces and Castles of German
Monrepos Schloss near Ludwigsburg Castle #121, Ba.-Wu. - 1991
Click On This Symbol and It Will Return You To This Page
Place names are where they are found on a 2003 historical map. In different
years some of these areas changed ownership from time to time.
The List Taken From The Map
101 Schloss Erbach was built originally
by Counts of "ancient lineage"
112 Mannheim Palace became the residence
of the Charles [Karl] Philip, Elector of Palatinate in 1720 who had
moved from Heidelberg .
113 Heidelberg Castle is, now, a
ruin which once as a castle where the Electors of Palatinate [Pfalz]looked
down on Heidelberg town in the Necker Valley up to the time of destruction
in part by fire in 1689 and then it's complete destruction in 1793. The
Electors used their hunting lodge, Schwetzingene then Elector Charles Philip
of Palinate moved to Mannheim Castle in 1720. A small portion, known as
Frederich's Wing, was rebuilt in 1889-1901 Earlier in history,
the area was a Keltic site and the nearby mountain was a "religious site".
The Romans created a camp site here on the right bank of the Neckar
in 1 c BC. The Alemanani destroyed the Roman settlement in the 3rd
c AD. In the 11th c the Bishop of Worms built the first castle in this area.
It was the step-brother of Frederick I Barbarossa, Konrad von Hohenstaufen,
who set up residence here in 1155. Heildeberg was the capital of the Rhine
Palatinate until Elector Charles Philipp transferred his capital to Mannheim.
In 1802 Heidelberg was "incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Baden under
Ruprecht I von der Pfalz who founded a
here in 1386. Ruprecht I's wife was Elisabeth von
Hohenzollern. The Catholic French General Tilly's Army devastated
the town during the division of the people during the time known as the
Reformation. Farther damage occurred during the Thirty Years War. It
would recover under the daughter of Elector Karl Ludwig von der Pfalz, Elisabeth
Charlotte, who married the Duke of Orleans who was the brother of Louis XIV
of France in 1671. But the recovery was short lived when the elector's
line became extinct and in 1685 the French took claim and their was a struggle
between claimants. In time, rebuilding began and it's a city of charm and
history. In the late 19th century a French Count de Graimberg restored part
of the ruins of the "schloss".
Leiman, a town which is just south of Heidelberg, may be the ancestral
home of the Counts of
114 Schwetzingen Palace was the
hunting lodge of the Electors of the Palatinate [Pfalz] in the 16th c . In
1710-17 it was enlarged into a Baroque style palace with a special garden/park
and became residence of the Electors.
115 Schloss Bruchsal constructon
started in in 1722 by the Bishops of Speyer. It was destroyed in WW
II and has been restored.
116 [you can only see 16; it is
west of 115 and 117] is the Karlsruhe Palace. The construction began
in 1715 as the residence for Grand Duke Karl Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
and this palace would remain in the ownership of of the Grand Dukes of Baden
117 The Baroque palace was
built on a castle which was destroyed by fire in 1698 in 1628-33 by Sibylia
Augusta, Margravine of Baden-Baden, who was the widow of Ludwig Wilhelm,
Margrave of Baden-Baden. See Schloss Rastatt #118.
118 Schloss Rastatt was built in
1697 by "Turk Louis" [Ludwig Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden-Baden ]who defeated
119 Schloss Favorite was built
1710-12 by the Margravine of Baden-Baden Sibylla Augusta, the widow of Louis
Wilhelm of Baden-Baden
120 Berg Guttenberg was built in
the 12th c and sits above the Necker River.
Schloss Ludwigsburg construction
started in 1704 and became one of the largest Baroque palaces in Germany.
It was the summer residence of the Wurttemberg Dukes who later became
Kings of Wuerttemberg with the help of Napoleon in 1806.
122 Altes Schloss [Old Place],
Stuttgart, Ba.-Wu.]. The construction started in 1553 by the Duke of
Wuerttemberg on the site of an older castle.... Today it is the
Wuerttemberg Regional Museum.
123 Neues Schloss [New Palace],
Stuttgart, Ba.-Wu. was the residence of the Kings of Wuerttemberg which was
built in the Rococo style by Duke Karl Eugen von Wuerttemberg in 1746 to
it's completion. It is presently the seat of government of
124 Schloss Solitude which is, now,
in the growing city of Stuttgart, Ba.-Wu.. It was a retreat for
the Wuerttemberg ruling family built by Duke Karl Eugen von Wuerttemberg
125 Schloss Lichtenstein: Duke
Wilhelm Urach built this castle in 1840-1 near Reutlingen and Urach, Ba.-Wu
The Duke was des. of Louis I d. 1450, son of Eberhard V d. 1419 and
his brother Ulbric V d. 140 was the line that branched into the von Wuerttembergs
of Stuttgart and Ulbric V's des. became Kings of Wuerttemberg.
Hohenzollern near Hechingen, Ba.-Wu.
Hohenzollern, The Prussian Royal Family In More Detail.
symbol and go
127 Schloss Sigmaringen: A
Zollern (Hohenzollern) Castle built in the 11th
c. Descendants of
II von Zollern (Hohezollern) [d. about 1225] Line. In
1576 the Schloss became the seat of the Hohenzollern-Sigmarigen branch of
the family. Looks down on the Danube [Donau] River. See
Burg Hohenzollern #126
Charles [Carol] von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen of Rumania from
1881 to 1914
1856-1878 Congress of Berlin united Bessarabia, Moldavia
and Walachia and Borodino falls under the rule of Rumania
King Ferrdinand von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen of Rumania from 1914 to
6 April 1918- Rumania annexed
Bessarabia who had earlier proclaimed
themselves as an autonomous republic and renounced all ties with the USSR
King Michael (Mihai) von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen of Rumania from
1927 to 1930
King Charles [Carol] II von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen of Rumania
from 1930 to 1940
WW II: Germany entered Moldavia and Bessarabia and Russia retakes area....
King Michael (Mihai) von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen of Rumania, again, from
1940 to 1947
128 Trumpeter Schloss [Chateau]
at Bad Saeckingen was built in the 13th c and continued into the 16th and
17th c.. It acquired it's nickname when Ursula von Schoenau married
a "trumpeter" who was of the "burger class". Their love affair became
popular in Viktor von Scheffel's novel 'THE TRUMPETER OF
129 Festung Hohentwiel was built
by the Dukes of Swabia ca. 900 on an old fortifed site. There is evidence
the area was used in the Stone Age. In 1521 Hohentwiel was inherited
by the Duke of Wuerttemberg who built a fortress. All that remains, now,
130 Since 1930 the Island of Mainau
in Lake Constance with it's palace and garden park belongs to Lennart Berndotte,
a Count who is a descendant of the Royal House of Sweden. This palace
was built in 1739-46. After the year 1270 when it was part of
the Teutonic Order..... until the order faded. I don[t know who
owned the island from that time to 1930.
131 Altes Schloss, Meersburg An ancient
castle of an early Frankish King [Merovingian Line] looked down on Lake Constance
and thought to have been one of the oldest castles in Germany. The first
recorded Merovingian King was Pharamond who was said to have ruled from 420
- 428. The most famous King was Clovis I who was baptized by Bishop
Remigius and "with the new found help of the
Christian God defeated the Germans". The "Dagobertsturm" tower is named after
the King Dagobersturm who ruled from 629-639. The Merovingian Line
ended under Childeric II in 751. In 1210 the Bishops of Constance took
up residence in 1526-1750. when the Bishops took up residence in the new
Clovis I gave Bishop Remigius a great deal of land and family members
thereafter became protectors of his cloisters. The family continued
to use the surname Remigius which changed spellings by various members:
Remmick, Roemmick, Roemmich, Roemich, Roemig, Remig to name a few
history of Remmick family
132 Schloss Heilgenberg was built by the Princes
of Fuerstenberg in 1546-99. This Renaissance "chateau" rises above
the Bodensee landscape.
133 The Count of Montfor built in
1712 the "new palace" in the Baroque style where the medieval castle was
destroyed by fire in 1633.
134 Waldburg Castle is the
ancestral residence of the Princes of Walburg built in the 12th century.
The original castle was destroyed in 1525 during the "Peasants' Revolt".
Soon thereafter, it as rebuilt in part and building continued which
gives it a look of both 16th and 17 c. facade
135 Schloss Wolegg is another palace
built by the Princes of Waldburg in the 12th c and rebuilt in in
136 Schloss Ellwagen was built
on an fire gutted 12th century Renaissance palace in 1720-26 for the Abbots
137 Grosscomburg is not a castle
but a fortified Abbey of the 12th c.
138 Schloss Neuenstein was the residence
of the Princes of Hohenlohe. The original palace was dated to be about
1255. It was rebuilt in 1558-64.
139 Schloss Jagsthausen Since the
14th century the palace was the seat of the Goetz
von Berlichingen family. It's most well known family member is known
as the Knight of the Iron Hand by the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's drama
of the same name.
140 Schloss Langenburg built in
1610-16 by Princes of Hohenlohe.
141 Schloss Weikershim was
the ancestral seat of the Hohenlohe family since the 11 th c. The place
was rebuilt and dates 1559-1684.
142 Schloss Mergentheim original
castle was built in the 11th c and passed to the Teutonic Order
in 1219. The Grand Master took up residence in 1525....
From 1512 to 1525 The Grand Master was Albert von
Hohenzollern, Margrave of Brandenburg, First
Duke of Prussia, who declared himself a Protestant and banished the Teutonic
Order from the Prussian lands.
The Catholic religious order of the Teutonic Knights continued under
the protection of the Hapsburg, the Royal Family of Austria after 1525
143 Burg Wertheim overlooks the Main River
and the Tauber valley. The original fortress was built by Count Wertheim
in the 12th c. In time it became one of the largest castles. Now,
it lies in ruins
145 Wuerzburg Festsung, Marienberg Fortress
looks down on the River Main. It was the seat of the Bishops of Wuerzurg
from the 8th century and has been constantly under construction since. The
oldest structure dates to 706 as is known as the Chapel of St. Mary..
158 is not shown but is next
to 159 in the city of "Nuer" [Nuremberg], Bavaria, Germany where Frederick
III von Hohenzollerns became
I, Burrgrave in 1191. The castle was built about 1040...
159 Ansbach Place was built in 1705-38
by the Hohenzollerns branch who where Margraves
of Ansbach, [a branch of the Margraves of Nuremberg] near the Benedictine
monastery founded in 748. In the 1460 it was the chief seat of
the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach. In 16th c Georg "the Pious" von
Hohenzollern, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1543) spread Protestantism
from here. The title of Margrave of Brandenubrg-Ansbach ws inherited
Ernest, von Hohenzolern, son of John George, Elector of Brandenburg
178 Fuessen Schloss, Bavaria [Bayern]
was originally built about 1300 and from time to time remolded.
After 1500 the Prince-bishop of Augsburg took it as residence. The
Romans were here, earlier, and called the settlement "Foetibus
179 Hohenschwagau Schloss, Bavaria
[Bayern] was built in the Alps by the Bavarian King Maximillian II as a summer
residence in 1833-37. The remodel was accomplished by his son King
Ludwig II who created the "Fairy Castle" Neuschwanstein..... #180 which is
just off the map to the left of this palace
225 Heidelberg, City of - Castles. See #113 This is the
entrance to the Necker Valley and known early settlements of early humans.
Some kind of fortress has occupied this area since humans realized
the benefit of fortifications. On the hill side the Kelts built a religious
site. The Romans built a temple dedicated to Mithras and Mercury.
Alemmani arrived in 3 c and destroyed what was built earlier. In
the 11c the Bishop of Worms built a castle which became residence of the
step-brother of Emperor Frederick I "Barbarossa", Conrad von Hohenstaufen
in 1155. It remained the capital of the Rhine Palatinate [Pfalz] Rulers into
the 18th century when Elector Charles Philipp moved the capital to Mannheim.
In 1802 it was "incorporated" into the Duchy of Baden. It is presently
part of the state of Bavaria [Bayern].
226 Heilbronn - Kirchhausen. They are two town which
had been fortified ...... No castles or stately houses remain in Heilbronn.
EKirchhausen which has the Unteres Schloss.. Every two the two
town host the "Palace Festival".
230 Rothenburg ob der Tauber's Castles, Bavaria [Bayern]: It
is thought that since early times some kind of important stronghold was built
on what is known, now, as "Burgarten spur" where the road twists like an
oxen's bow and from the platform form -like area is the steep banks
of the by the River Tauber. This was the perfect place for
defence against an enemy. The Romans ruled this area from 2 BC
to 476 AD and known as Gaul. It is known that the Merovingian [First Recorded
Frankish Dynasty] King Pharamund, who ruled , from 420 to 428, had a fortress
here... in the area which would become known as Franish
then France... After the 12th c two castles were built in Rothenburg.
One was built on the old castle's site [platform] by the Hohenstaufen
Emperors. The second was built by Count ______. Both castles were destroyed
by earthquakes in 1356. In the years to follow the town became a free
imperial town [13th c]..... After the Reformation the town became known as
a Protestant. Took the side of Gustavus Adolphus during the Thirty
Years' War and the Peace of Westphalia confirmed its free imperial city status.
It became part of Bavaria in 1802. Maximiliam IV Joseph von Wittelsbach
was Elector of the Duchy of Bavaria. In 1806 his son became King Maximilian
I Joseph von Wittelsbach of Bavaria under Napoleon. Through all the
turmoils and wars, the city is a magnificent medievel town with it's fortress
Toppler Schloss (1338) built for the Burgermiester Toppler so he could
keep watch on the town mills along the Tauber
Markusturm Foritifcation 12 th c
Roedertor Fortification 12th c
Fortified Church of Wolfgang (1489)
See photographs of Rothenburg on the
To the east is the Castle of Prince Schillings [Schillingsfuerst
231 Schwabish Hall, Schwabish Hall, Ba.-Wu.
See Photographs and history.
The salt brought humans here long before anything was recorded....
Kelts left their mark as did Emperor Frederick I "Barbarossa......
Burg [Unter] Limburg ruins 13th c
Burg Kecken, A Stately House which is, now, a local museum