List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806......Page G. Remmick-Hubert Site
Last Updated: 27 April 2004
List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806 continued......
Gandershein. Presently in Verwaltungsbezirk, Braunschweig, Lower Saxony. Was prelate nullius. 1589 the territory became the property of the Protestant abbess. Gandershein's membership in the Reichsstand is unclear to historians. From early times to Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel and continued to do so even after 1709....The abbey was dissolved in 1810
Gedern. See Wetterauische Grafenkolleg (Stolberg-Gedern-Ortenberg)
Geldern. Gelderland, Guelderland, Guelders. Presently a part of it is in North Rhineland-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen) and part of it being in Gelderland in the Netherlands. Was a Duchy. Connected to the estates of (1) Erkelenz, (2) Roermond, (3) Grafschaft Zutphen, (4) Goch, (5) Arnheim, the capital, and (6) Venlo. Population was predominantely Catholic. 1473 the Duchy became part of Burgundy under Charles the Bold. At his death the land became Hapsburg. Later, 1579 the northern part of the area became part of the Netherlands (Dutch) .... The southern part fell under the Spanish... 1713 /1715 the southern part became Hohenzollern... Erkelenz became part of the Electoral Palatinate (Kurplaz)....
Gelnhausen. Presently in Hessen. Was Reichsstadt and Ritterschaft. The Reichstadt paid imperial taxes even though it was not a member of the Reichsstaende. Through sale and inheritance the territory came into the hands of the Electoral Palatinate (Kurpfalz) and Hanau. . Lands morgaged in 1349.... and the town became fully obligated to the mortgage holders in 1745. Later it was sold to Hessen-Kassel..... 1830 it merged with Hessen.
Gemen. Presently in Kreis Borken in North Rhineland-Westphalia. Was Herrschaft. See Schamburg and Gemen.
Geneva (Genf). Presently in Switzerland. Was Bishopric. Shared history with Burgundy... 1033 became a part of the Holy Roman Empire... Dukes of Savoy were representatives and shared authority with the bishops. 1533 the citizens expelled the bishops and gained rights of self-rule.... and accepted the Reformation.... When Geneva became Protestant, the Catholic bishop moved to Annecy in France. . 1798 to 1814 were under French rule...Territories joined the Swiss Confederation in 1815....
Gengenbach. Presently in Kreis Offengurg in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia. Was Reichsstadt but dropped in 1735 and prelate nullius. Area held a imperial abbey... Reichsstadt and Reichsabtei (imperial abbey) were merged with Baden... 1803
Gerna Presently in Thueringen. Was part of the Democratic Republic. Was formerly in Herrschat. Voted in the Reichstag and was cancelled in 1550. From 1562 it was the seat of the House of Reuss' Junior Line which was Lutheran.
Gernrode. Presently in Kreis Quedlinburg of Saxony-Anhalt. Was the town next [some 7 miles, now] to the woman religious abbey which became Protestant about 1525 and under Hohenzollern's protection... It holds a monastic church of St. Cyriacus dated abt 959 which is presently a Parish Church....The Reichtag vote was controlled by Anhalt after 1614. Was part of the Bezirk Halle, a German Democratic Republic....
Gerolstein (Gerolstein, Geroldstein). Presently part of Kris Daun, Rheinland-Pfalz. An estate who's original residence was Juelich which fell to the ownership of the Blankensteins in 1469 and was ruled by one of the branches of the Count von Manderscheid family. A former Grafschaft. Personal note: There is a large family group of Hein who are connected to this area.
Giech, Counts of [von]. Estates connected to the Count of Giech, who is from a Franconian noble family who turned Protestant [Lutheran] are: (1) Herrschaft Thurnau which was lost to Prussia [Hohenzollern] in 1796...; and (2) Graefliche Wolfsteinische Allodialerben (heirs of the Wolfstein estate with the rank of count) in the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg and also the Personalist of the Collegium. 1806 territories were merged with Bavaria.
Giengen and der Brenz. Presently in Kreis Heidenheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg. Formerly Reichsstadt. Represented by Ulm in the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westfalen. Merged with Wuerttemberg in 1803.
Gimborn-Neustadt. Presently in Oberbergischen Kreis, Nordrhein-Westfalen. Formerly a Grafschaft. Before 1760 in was a territory that held 50 small villages represented by the Princes von Schwarzenberg. After 1760 the area was represented by Counts von Wallmoden. Neustadt was part of the Grafschaft Mark. The Schwarzenberg family was Catholic.
Gleichen. Presently in Thuringen. Was part of the Reichstag but its vote was cancelled in 1569 [1631?]. Formerly a Grafschaft. Was sold to the Archbishopric of Mainz when the Gleichen ruling family became extinct. Was part of the German Democratic Republic.
Goerz. Presently in Gorizia, an Italian Province. It once held a vote in the Reichstag which was cancelled in 1501. Property became part of the House of Hapsburg of Austria. Napoleon took control from 1809 to 1815 after which it became, again part of the Austrian crown land. After 1919 it became Italian territory, however, a portion of it went to Yugoslavia.
Gottingen. Presently in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony). Held a great deal of freedom since it held the old university. It was never part of the Reichsstadt. First record of it is in 953. Received a municipal charter in 1210. Member of the Hanse from 1351 to 1572. 1734 George II, Elector of Hanover founded the University.... Nearby are the ruins of the Please Castle.
Goslar. Presently in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony). Owed its founding to the discovery old Goslar Cathedral of which part was built in c. 1150.... and the Jakobikirch, also, in the 12th C. .Formerly part of the Reichstadt. Was represented by the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia. In 1802 became part of Prussia (Hohenzollern). In 1815 part of Hanover. In 1866 returned to Prussia (Hohenzollern). 1941 to Braunschweig.
Gottorp. See Denmark, Holstein had Oldenburg.
Graevenitz, Counts of (von). Family found on the Personalists in the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg. They were close allies of the Duke of Wuerttemberg due to a morgantic marriage in 1707.
Gronsfeld. Presently..... Represented by the Counts von Toerring-Jettenbach since 1719 who were Catholic. Was a member of the Westfalisch Grafenkolleg.
Grumbach. See Wild und Rheingraf zu Grumbach (Wetterauische Grafenkolleg)
Gundefingen. Presently in Kreis Muesingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg The single vote in the Reichstag was cancelled in the 1400s. Formerly a Grafschaft.
Guntersblum. Presently in Kris Mainz, Rheinland-Pflaz. There had been a Teutonic Knight's (Deutschorden) office in Guntersblum. Since 1660 was the seat of the Leiningen Dynasty (Leiningen-Billigheim-Guntersblum) family branch. They were Catholics. Also, see Hoch und Deutschmeister and Wetterauische Grafenkolleg (Leiningen-Gutersblum).
Gurk. Presently in Bezirk St. Veit / Glan, Carinthia, Austria. Formerly a bishopric and was absorbed as a landsaessig by Austria [Hapsburg] [date not given]...
Gutenzell. Presently in Kreis Biberach, Baden-Wuerttemberg Village near a women's religious abbey and within a territory that held 11 villages which was administered by the Abby of Salem until 1753. Was secularized in 1803 and came under the protection of the Counts von Toerring..
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