List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806......Page L.  Remmick-Hubert Site

Last Updated: 29 April 2004

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List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806 continued......


button Lahr.  Presently in Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Herrschaft.  The territory became part of Nassau-Saarbruecken in 1629.  In 1803 it went to Baden.  See Saarwerden und Lahr.

button Landau / Pfalz.  Presently in Rheinland-Pfalz (Palatinate).  Formerly Riechsstadt. Before the Reformation, the town became Lutheran.  Before this time period,  the town pertained to a Landvogtei of Hagenau...  In 1648 was French and its ownership confirmed in 1714...  After the first defeat of Napoleon, the territory was given to Austria...  In 1815 the town passed to Bavaria. Much of her old fortification was destroyed in 1876.... It was a main wine and tobacco center of the lower Palatinate...

Note:  Remmick,  Remick, Roemmich, Roemich, Roemig, Remigius family's migrated to Edenkoben / Landau, Pfalz (Palatinate) in the late 1600s and early 1700s.... poss. des. of the 10th Count of Leimen, (n. Heidelberg),  Bavaria..

button Landsberg am Lech  Presently  on the right bank of the Lech River in Bavaria... where in 12 c. Heinrich (Henry) the Lion of Saxony  built his schloss (castle)... Territory belonged to Schenken von Landsberg. Formerly a Grafschaft... 1180 Henrich (Henry) the Lion is outlawed and Bavaria is given to Otto von Wittelbach, founder of this dynasty which ruled Bavaria until 1918....

button Laubach.  Presently in Kreis Giesssen, Hessen.  Formerly Grafschaft.  See Wetterauisch Grafenkolleg (Soms-Laubach)

button Lauenburg.  Presently in Schleswig-Holstein.  Formerly a duchy.  Associated with this duchy was the family of the Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg [Sachsen-Lauenburg] (ext. 1689) (Sachsenwald).  Duchy of Saxe [Sachsen] -Lauenburg was a member of the Protestant corpus at the Treaty of Westpahlia.  Ownership "passed" to the family of Braunschweig-Lueneburg in 1689... In 1815 the area was taken by Prussia (Hohenzollern)...  In 1816 it was transferred to Denmark but returned to Prussia in 1876...  It became a Kreis in Provinz Schleswig-Holstein....  The town Lauenburg is the most southerly town in Schlewig-Holstein and is on the north bank of the Elbe River. 

button Lausanne.  Presently in Canton Vaud, Switzerland.  Formerly a bishopric.

button Lautern.  See Anhalt.  See Pfalz.

button LaVant.  Presently in Carinthia, Austria.  Formerly a bishopric.

button Lebus.  Presently in Kreis Seelow, Bezirk Frankfurt on the Oder.  Formerly a bishopric.  Absorbed by Brandenburg in 1598.  Formerly a part of the German Democratic Republic.

button Leiningen, Princes and Counts of (von).  This family is associated with the following estates:  Dagsburg (Dachsburg), Hartenburg, Amorbach, Miltenberg, Mosbach, Ilbenstadt, Reineck, Aspermont.  The main branch was the Counts of Leiningen - Westerburg. The main branches of the Leniningen dynasty were Protestant.  The origins of the family can be found in the Rhinepfalz. The Duchy* of Leiningen was established in 1779.  In 1806 Napoleon gave parts of the Duchy to Baden, Bavaria and Hessen.

button Leiningen-Westerburg, Count of (von).  See  Leiningen, Princes and Counts. They were associated with the estates of Hartenburg, Heidesheim, Guntersblum, Westerburg and Ilbenstadt.  Members of the Wetterauische Grafenkolleg.  Family  main branch of the family was Protestant.  The main branch "mediatized" in 1806.

Note:  Charles, Prince of Leiningen b. 1763 m.  in 1803 Victoria, dau. of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Augusta, dau. of Henry XXVI.  See history of Belgium. Another good marriage was Mary Polyxena's, the dau. of Fred. Emich, Count of Leiningen-Hartenburg to the Luxemburg King John Ernest, (Prince of Nassau-Weiburg) b. 1688.

button Leissnick.  Presently in ____ . Saxony which absorbed the territory in ____  Formerly Grafschaft.  Reichstag vote was cancelled in 1538.  

button Lemgo.  Presently in Nordrhein-Westfalen.  Formerly Reichsstadt.  It was founded by Princes of Lippe in 1190.  Lippe family became Reformed....  See Princes and Counts of Lippe.

button Leuchtenberg.  Presently in Oberpfalz, Bayern (Bavaria).  Formerly Landgrafschaft.  Represented by Kurkoeln (Electoral Colonge).  Became part of  Bavaria in the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648) which ended in 1717.  The House of Leuchtenberg were Orthodox and most of their eastern estates were in Russia.... (not named) was given the territory.... About 1810 Napoleon named his step-son Eugene Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg...

Note:  Eugene Beauharnais was  the son. of Fr. Gen. Alexander von Beauharnais and Josephine , who as a widow m. Fr. Gen.  Napoleon Bonaparte.  Eugene, under Emp. Napoleon, became Duke of Leuchtenberg  (ext. 1974) and m. Augusta, dau. of Maximillian I, King of Bavaria...

button Leutkirch.  Presently in Kreis Wangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Reichsstadt. Represented by Esslingen in the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  In 1810 Napoleon gave it to the Wuerttembergs.

button Lich.  Presently in Kreis Giessen, Hessen.  Formerly  Grafschaft.  See Wetterauische Grafenkollge (Solms-Lich)...

button Lichtenberg.  Presently in Kreis Dieburg, Hessen.  See Hanau-Lichtengerg.

button Liechtenstein (Vaduz).  Presently  the only  German speaking  principality represented and administered by Switzerland. The area is about 157 sq miles between Switzerland and Austria.  In the Middle Ages they were two separate feudal fiefs, the Lordship of Schellenberg and the County of Vaduz, both parts were of the Duchy of Swabia.  In 1200 Vaduz passed to the family of Montfort which in 1396 succeeded in making themselves a direct fief of the Holy Roman Empire. The Monforts were given the title of Counts of Werdenberg who secured the Lordship of Schellenberg. In 15c. the property passed to their cousins the Brandis family then to Counts of Sulz who sold both estates in 1613 to Count of Hohenems. In 1699  the Catholic Prince John Adam of Liechtenstein, whose family  was originally Austrian with branches in Moravia, Silesia and Austria, purchased the estate of Schellenberg and in 1712 the estate of Vaduz... Their line is said to be des. of Hugo, Lord of Liechtenstein d. 1156...

button Limburg.  Presently in Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg.  After 1690 and again 1713 it was represented by various  "allodial" heirs.

button Limburg-Stirum.  See Schaumburg and Gemen.  See Iller-Aichheim.

button Lindau im Bodensee.  Presently in Schwaben, Bayern (Bavaria) by the Bodensee  (Lake Constance) and a harbor town....   Was originally a fishing village and recorded for the first time in 882 when the Convent of Our Lady under the Lime Trees was dedicated.  Formerly Reichsstadt and the convent became an  abbey for religious women.  Became an imperial city in 1220.... Known as the "Swabian Venice"...  Townspeople became converts under Zwinglian Reformation in 1530.  In 1548 Charles V demanded they accept the Augsburg Interim... 1647 it was invaded by Swedes.. Was a member of the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648). In 1775 discovery was made the Reichsmatrikel (imperial certification) for the abbey was false and it was clear it was not a member of the Prelatenkolleg. 1796 is was invaded by Austrians after making a separate peace with Swabia... Conflicts continued.  In 1802 the estates fell to the Princes von Bretzenheim... in 1804 to Austria and in 1805 the lands were ceeded to Bavaria in the Peace of Pressburg... WW II  a section of the town was occupied by the French.... and partly by Bavaria...  From that time to 1956 it held a special status. 1972 the town has been  a Landkreis (rural district) of Lindau. 

button Lippe, Princes and Counts of (von).  Presently the principality of Lippe is in Regierungsbezirk Detmold, Nordrhein-Westfalen.  The family is associated with the following estates:  Herrschaft Rheda and the Grafschaften Schwalenburg and Sternberg.  Members of the Westfaelische Grafenkolleg.  The Lippe family became part of the Reformed Church... There were several branches.  In 1806 the princely houses of Germany were "mediatized".  The Princes of Lippe refused to change in status and Lippe remained a separate state until forcibly absorbed in 1933 by the National Socialist (1933-1945)...  

button Lippe-Bueckeburg  See Schaumburg and Gemen....

button Lobkowitz, Princes of (von).  The  following estates  were associated with this Catholic family.  They are:  Duchy of Sagan  (Silesia), Raudnitz, Neustadt on the Waldnaab and the gefuerstete Grafschaft Sternstein plus other [unnamed]  estates in Bohemia and Styria.  The Herrschaft Neustadt on the Waldnaab became gefuerste Graschaft Sternstein in 1641.  In 1807 it was given to Bavaria.    

button Loewenstein.  Presently in Kreis Heilbronn, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Grafschaft.  The following estates were associated with the  Loewenstein were:  Grafschaft Wertheim (presently found in Tauberbischofsheim), Rochefort (Provice Namur), Koenigstein im Taunus, Herrschaft Breuberg.  Represented Virneburg in the Westfaelische Grafenkollege and Wertheim in the Graenkische Grafenkolleg.  The Loewenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg family were Protestant and held Virneburg and later Amt Fruedenberg (Kreis Tauberbischofsheim).  The junior branch of this family held Grafschaft Puettlingen and Rochefort, Amt Rothenfels and the abbey of Bronnbach.  Both lines were "mediatized" in 1806.  Many of the estates mentioned above were absorbed by Wuerttemberg which gained these estates through Napoleon.

button Lommersum.  Presently in Kreis Euskirchen, Nordhein-Westfalen.  Formerly Grafschaft.  See Kerpen-Lomemrsum which was represented by the Counts of Schaesberg.

button Losenstein.  Presently in Austria..  Formerly Grafschaft.  Reichstag vote cancelled in 1629.  Absorbed by Austria...

button Lothgringen  (Lorraine) (Alsace-Lorraine).  Presently in France.  ...where it located in Meuthe-et-Moselle, Meuse and Vosges Departments. Was formerly a principality.  Was the Kingdom of Lotharingia.  Lorraine became a Duchy of the Holy Roman Empire in the 10th c. In 1431 the duchy united with Bar through the accession of Rene of Anjou ... There was continued conflict over this fertile land...During the Thirty Years War, the Guise family, a branch of the House of Lorraine... regained the land.. Leopold I's heir Francis married the Austrian Empress Maria-Theresa and became Emperor Francis I and founded the house of Hapsburg-Lorraine..... In 1735 the Hapsburgs exchanged Lorraine for Tuscany and it came into the hands of Stanislaus I of Poland who passed it on his death in 1766 to Germany who had defeated France in the Franco-Prussian War.  Prussia united Lorraine with Alsace to form an imperial territory.  In 1918 it was returned to France.... In WW II Germany annexed Alsace-Lorraine but was again returned to France...

button Luebeck.  Presently in Schleswig-Holstein.  Formerly Reichsstadt and bishopric.  Founded in 1143 by Count Adolf II of Holstein.  Became an imperial city in 1226.  Both were members of the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  The Reichstadt vote was held by the Lutheran bishop from the dynasty of Holstein-Gottorp.  From 1810 to 1813 the city was occupied by Napoleon's army. After Napoleon's defeat in 1814 it was a free state in the German Confederation.  It was not until 1937 that the city became part of Schleswig-Holstein... There were various exclaves absorbed by Prussia and Mecklenburg.

button Lueders.  Presently in  _____  . Formerly prince-bishopric.  Represented by the Teutonic Knights (Deutschorden) in the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  Associated with the Abbey of Murbach in the upper Alsace. 

button Lueneburg.  Presently in Niedersachsen (Northern Saxony).  The city was found around the castle of Duke Hermann Billung of Saxony on the Kalkberg River in 951.  In 1247 it gained municipal charter.  1371 the towns people shook off the rule of the Braunswick [Braunschweig]-Lueneburg ... By the 16c. it was one of the more wealthy towns in Northern Germany ....but the city declined in importance  in later centuries.....  See Braunschweig - Lueneburg.

button Luettich  (Liege).  Presently in Belgium.  Formerly and presently a bishopric.  Represented by Kurkoeln (Electoral Cologne) in the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  

button Lupfen.  Presently in ______ . Formerly Grafschaft or Herrschaft.  In 1585 the vote was cancelled.



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