List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806......Page N.  Remmick-Hubert Site

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List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806 continued......


button Nassu.  Presently in Hessen.   Formerly duchy and Grafschaft.  In the 12th c. Dodo, the Count Laurenburg built his castle in area of Nassu.  His ancestors were the counts of Nassu.  In 1255 the dynasty split into two main lines:  (1) Walramian line founded by Count Walram II who ruled Nassau and (2) the Ottonian line, des. from Walrams younger brother Otto.... Associated territories were the following: Usingen, Weilburg, Saarbruecken.  Members of the Wetterauische Grafenkolleg. Territories became Calvinist (Reformed) during the Reformation.  The rulers were the House of Orange  (Netherlands) which was divided by five lines of the dynasty. Willian III of Orange (Ottonian branch) became the king of England and at his death  (1702) the title of prince of Orange passed to collateral branch of Nassu-Dietz which, as House of Orange, has ruled the Netherlands from 1747.... In 1743 the territories which had  merged once, again were:  Fulda, Corvey and Weingarten were associated with them for a time. One of the branches [Walramian]  owned the following Grafschaft :  Saarburecken  (to 1723), Ottweiler (to1728), Idstein (to 1721), Usingen (to 1816), and Weilburg (to 1912). The Ottonian Branch became Counts of Nassu-Beilstein (ext 1561), Prince of Nassu-Siegen (ext. 1734), Prince of Nassu-Dillenburg (ext 1739), Prince of Nassu-Hadamar (ext. 1711), Prince of Dietz inherited Dietz (Diez), Dillenburg and Hadamar which were exchanged with Prussia in 1815. The  town Nassu is on the Lahr River.  See history of Netherlands and Luxemburg. 

button Naumburg / Saale.  Presently in Bezirk Halle, Sazony-Anhalt.  Formerly in the German Democratic Republic .  Formerly a bishopric.  During the Reformation became Protestant.  Was absorbed by Kursachsen (Electoral Saxony).  Held the schloesschen of Duke Moritz of Sazony-Zeitz.

button Neipperg, Counts of (von).  Members of the Schwaebische Grafenkolleg.  The Neipperg family was Catholic and achieved the Reichsstad under the Personalisten in 1792. Alfred, Count of Neipperg b. 1807 m. Mary of the House of Wuerttemberg, the dau. of William I, King of Wuerttemberg b. 1781... Her sister, Sophia, was Queen of the Netherlands ... Their mother was Catherine of Russia... Family was originally Franconian and the one branch settled in Italy during the times of Napoleon and "styled" itself the Princes von Montenuovo.

button Neresheim.  Presently in Kreis Aalen, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly prelate nullius.  Originally under the ownership of the von Oettingen family.  A legal controversy it's abbey became Reichsumittelbar (direct tenancy of the Kaiser) from 1763 to 1803.  Afterward,  the area was secularized and the Counts von Thurn and Taxis  were the administers.  In 1806 the area was placed under the Bavarian sovereignty and  then transferred to Wuerttemberg in 1810.

button Neuburg.  Presently in Bavaria.  Formerly principality and Pfalzgrafschaft which was member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  The ruling family was branch of the Bavarian Wittelsbach Dynasty which was Catholic.  In 1742 the area was inherited by Pfalz-Sulzbach.  In 1777 there was a personal union with Bavaria.  After 1799 it was called Province of Neuburg.  1808 joined Bavaria.

button Neuenahr.  Presently in Kreis Ahrweiler, Rheinland-Pfalz.  Formerly Grafschaft.  In 1600 the Reichstag vote was cancelled.

button Nieder-Isenburg.  Formerly Grafschaft.  In 1664 the Reichstag vote was cancelled.  See Isenburg.

button Niedermuenster.  Was an abbey for women religious.

button Niederwesel (Wesel).  Presently in Kreis Rees, Nordrhein-Westfalen.  Formerly Reichsstadt.  The city was ruled by Juelich and passed to Brandenburg in 1666.  The French occupied the area during the Napoleonic reign and  after 1814 "fell" to Prussia [Hohenzollern]....

button Noerdlingen.  Presently in Bavaria.  Formerly Reichsstadt.  Represented by Esslingen in the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648). Bavaria absorbed the area in 1803.  

button Nomeny.  Presently in Lorraine, France.  Formerly marquisate and principality.  Member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia.  Vote in the Richstag  was given in 1736 for loses of their former Lorraine territories that had fallen to France.

button Nordhausen.  Presently in Bezirk, Erfurt, Thuringia on the Zorge River and "Gateway to the Southern Harz (forrest hills)..  Founded around the nunnery of Queen Mathilde established in 962...  Formerly Reichsstadt.  Represented by Luebeck in the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia. Hanseatic town... In 1802 it became Prussian [Hohenzollern] territory. Formerly in German Democractic Republic.

button Nostitz, Counts of (von).  A Saxon family from the Oberlaustitz.  Branches of this family could have been found in Bohemia, Poland and Silesia.  See Rieneck.

button Nuernberg.  Presently in Bavaria and has been since 1806....  First seen in records is in the year 1050 when Emp. Conrad III established a royal stronghold on the left bank of the Pegnitz River and Henry III set up his caste  around which Nuernberg grew as it  protect his  [right] side of the river... The two areas developed separately for a time...  In 1219 King Frederick II gave the Nuernberg community several charters... Nuernberg was fortified between 1337 - 1440...  THe community grew into one in the 14c. ... In 1524 the towns peopled opted for the teaching of Martin Luther and declared religious toleration in their town.... Gustav Adolphus occupied the city during the Thirty Years War....  Member of the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648). Formerly Reichsstadt.  Formerly owned large estates and numerous market towns.  




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