List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806......Page K.  Remmick-Hubert Site

Last Updated:  27 April 2004

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List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806 continued......


button Kaiserberg.  Presently in France  and has been since 1648.  Formerly was in the Reichsstadt.

button Kaisersheim.  Formerly a prelate nullius.

button Kammerich.  Presently in Cambrai, France and has been  since 1678.  Formerely was in the Reichstadt and a bishopric.

button Kammin.  Formerly a bishopric.  Secularized in 1648  and  held a vote in the Reichstag by Brandenburg.

button Kassel  See Cassel.  See Hesse-Cassel....

button Kaufbeuren.  Presently in Bavaria.  Formerly in the Reichsstadt.  Member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westpahalia (1648).

button Kaufmanns-Saarbruecken  (Saarburg).  Kaufmanns is presently in France.  It was taken by the bishopric of Metz then transfered to Lorraine and then to France.  However, Saarbruecken is not a part of France.  It is the  capital city in the Land (state) of Saarland which can be found in the lower south western corner edge of Rhineland-Pfalz.... History carries this area back to the Kelts settlements... The Romans held a fortress  here... A Frankish royal stronghold was here which was known as Villa Sarabrucca.  In time the villa became residence of the Counts of Nassau-Saabruecken and the Counts were later to rise to the title of Prince... Prince Heinrich b. 1741 was remembered for his Baroque buildings...The town developed into an important industrial center...  It is next to the Saar River (Saravus)  which was the natural border between German (the Saarland) and France  (Lorraine)....

button Kaufaungen.  Presently in Hessen.  Was built around a religious abbey for women.  Absorbed by Hessen-Kassel.

button Kaunitz, Prince of (von).  They held estates of Essen, Stedesdorff, Wittmund, Austerlitz, Questenberg.  They were a Catholic family.  The main branches were in Bohemia, Moravia and Ostfiesland.  See Rietberg. 

button Kempten.  Presently in Allgaeu, Bavaria.  Keltic settelment..... on the Iller River...Romans occupied the area in 1c. A.D.  (Cambodunum) .... Fomerly Reichsstadt and prince-bishopric which was a member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648) and  member of the Protestant corpus of the Reichstadt.  As you can imagine, there was turmoil between the bishopric and the Protestant burghers  who left the Catholic church  in 1525.... In 1803 the Reichsstadt became Bavaria's and united in 1811 to 1818.  

button Kerpen-Lommersum.  Presently in Bergheim (Erft) and Kreis Euskirchen, Nordrhein-Westfalen.  Area had belonged to Spanish Netherlands (Belgium) before 1712 and was known as  "Little Spain." Became a Grafschaft.  Represented by the Counts von Schaesberg from 1712 to 1794. 

button Khevenhueller, Princes and Counts von (of).  This family held the estates of Metsch, Aichelberg, Hohenosterwitz, Annabuehl, Landskron, Werberg, Grafschaft Hardegg, Fronsberg, Prutzendorf, Starrein, Peygarten, Ladendorf, Kammerburg, and Franenburg. Member of the Schwaebische Grafenkolleg.  Personal members of the imperial nobility after 1792.  They controlled no tenancies-in-chief, however.  Family originally was from Carinthia and were quite prominent in Mittelfranken.  There were two major brances:  Khevenheller-Frankenburg (ex 1884) and Khevenhueller-Metsch.  The family was Catholic.

button Kirchberg, Estate of . Presently in _______  .  After 1530 the estate belonged to the Fugger family who were Catholic.  

button Kitzingen.  Presently in Unterfranken, Bayern (Bavaria) on the right  bank of the Main River.... Formerly a prelate nullius. Town belonged to the Wuerzburg's archbishopric and became part of Bavaria in 1802-1814.... And,  is, again, part of Bavaria....   

button Klettgau.  Presently in Baden-Wuerttemberg and Switzerland and can be found on the lower Wutzch River near Schaffenhausen.....  Formerly a Landgrafschaft. Member of the Schwebische Grafenkolled.  Prepresently the Princes of Schwarzenburg, who were Catholic, until 1805 when the territory merged with Baden.  

button  Kulmbach.  See   Bayreuth and the ruling family of Brandenburg-Kulmbach [Hohenzollern]

button Koblenz (Coblenz).  Presently in Rheinland-Pfalz and at the junction of the Mosel River and the Rhine River..... known as "Deutsches Eck" ("German Corner") In 9th c. stood the Roman fort of Castrun and Confluentes... .Formerly Ballei (administrative region) of the Deutschorden  (Teutonic Knights). 1018  belonged to the Archbishops...  Later It held the Electors of Trier... who often used the city as residence.... From the 13 c. the town became a stronghold of the Prussians (Hohenzollerns) . In 1937 the city extened across the  Rhine river bank to Rhineland and claimed the Fortress of Ehrenbreitsein, rebuilt in 1816 where the old fortress built by the Electors of Trier once stood and stands on the hill top overlooking the Rhine and the city...

Personal note.  Garry J. D. Hubert's ancestor lived in Koblenz. See Photographs:  Hubert Web site   and  his des. Sophia Schodt b. 28 Dec 1721 Nickenich / Koblenz found: Families of Sackelhausen from "A' to "Zzz"

button Koeln (Cologne).  Presently in North Rhine-Westphalia  [Nordrhein-Westfalen]. Said to have been developed by the Romans who held here a colony of Colonia Caludia Ara Agrippinensis... After the 5th c. it was taken by the Franks and made the seat of the archbishopric by Charlemagne, Emp. of the Franks...Fomerly a Reichsstadt and electoral prince-archbishopric....Estates and territories connected were:  (1) strip of land along the west bank of the Rhine from Andernach to Rheinbuerg,  (2) Duetz and Linz-Altenwied on the east bank Vest Recklinghausen, (3) Duchy of Westfalen, (4) Grafschaft of Arnsberg and Uelchrath, (5) bishoprics of Muenster, Paderborn, Trier....  Both the electoral prince-archbishopc (Kurkoeln) and the Reichsstadt were members of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  It should be noted that the Catholic community of archbishops and cardinals were influential in the German church history and politics.  From 1583 to 1761 the archdiocese was controlled by the Wittelsbachs, who were Barvarian Princes...  In 1794 the French occupied the Kurkoeln's west bank territories and in 1803 they held the east bank territories....  1815 the lands became Prussian (Hohenzollern) ... Reorganization of the church in 1821 changed the makeup of this area:  northern and northeastern territories went to the bishoprics of Muenster and Paderborn.... After WW I Eupen and Malmedy were  given to Liege, diocese, however, they are presently in Belgium....

button Koenigsbronn.  Presently in Heidenheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Grafschaft.  An associated estate was Grafschaft Rothenfels (Allgaeu)  Belonged to the family  von Koenigsegg-Aulendorf  (branch of the Trencks).  Was Catholic.  Rothenfels was sold to Austria in 1804 and Aulendorf came under the sovereignty of Wuerttemberg in 1806...

button Koenstein und Eppenstein.  Presetnly in Obertaunuskreis, Hessen.  Formerly a Herrschaft.  The Riechstag seat was cancelled in 1535 when the "tenancy" was taken up by the von Stolberg Family who introduced Protestantism.... The local archbishop of Mainz did not agree and took contol of the territory to re-Catholicize the area....  In 1793 the French invaded and took contol of the territories and the fortress was destroyed....

button Konstanz  (Constance).  Presently in Baden-Wuerttemberg and the largest town on Lake Constance.... Rose out of a Roman camp of the 1st c. A.D. ... German territory founded in 590...Granted as a market place abt 900... crossroad to France and Italy... 1192 to 1548 was a free Imperial city.....  Formerly Reichsstadt and bishopric.   Rechenau and Propstei Oehningen were associated with the history of these territories.. The bishopric was a member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648) and the Reichsstadt was a member of the Protestant corpus....  at the time of the Reformation and their Bshop lived at Meersburg....  Under Austria,  the area was re-Catholicized after 1548.... and remained Catholic until 1805 when it became Baden's territory....

button Kornelimuenster.  Presently in Kreis Aachen, Nordrhein-Westphalen.  Formerly prelate nullius.

button Kreuzlingen.  Presently  in Canton Thurgau, Sweitzerland.  Formerly prelate nullius.

button Kriechingen  (Creange).  Presently in Department Moselle, France.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of the Wetterauische Grafenkolleg.  Riechstag vote was cancelled in 1697 but reinstated in 1765.  Represented by the Protestant family of  Wied-Runkel.  The Grafschaft was discontinued during the French Revolution...  See Wied-Runkel.

button Kronberg.  Presently in Obertaunuskreis, Hessen.  See Hohengeroldseck und Kronberg.

button Kufstein.  Presently in Tirol, Austria.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of the Schwegische Grafenkolleg.  Ruling family was von Kufstein, a Protestant family whose members were on the Peronalisten after 1792.



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