List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806......Page W.  Remmick-Hubert Site

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List And Brief History of the German States, Grand Duchies, Principalities, etc before 1806 continued......


button Waechtersbach.  Presently in Kreis Gelnhausen, Hessen.  Formerly Grafschaft.  The  ruling family was Protestant and were the von Isenburg-Buedingen-Waechtersbach.  See Wetterauisch Grafenkolleg (Isenburg-Buedingen-Meerholz-Waechtersbach)...

button Waldenburg.  Presently in Reichserbtruchessen  ("imperial hereditary seneschal) von. Was a member of the Schwaebische Grafenkolleg, also, the Austrian Statthalter (governor) for properties in Wuerttemberg.  The ruling family was Catholic of which there were two branches:  Wolfegg-Waldsee and Zeil-Wurzach.  Named imperial princes in 1803 and held numerous estates in Upper Swabia.... Mediatized and most of their properties fell to Bavaria and some to Wuerttemberg...

button Waldeck.  Presently in Hessen.  Formerly principality and Grafschaftt.  Represented the Grafschaft Pyrmont in the Westfaellisch Grafenkolleg.  12 th c. ruin castle ruins are found of the ruling family von Waldeck-Limburg (Bentinck) who became Reform....  In 1686 were raised to the Reichfuerstenrat and in 1867 the sovereignty passed to Prussia (Hohenzollern).

button Waldsassen im Oberpfalz.  Presently in Kreis Tierschenreuth, Oberpfalz, Bayern (Bavaria).  Formerly prelate nullius.   1133 founded by the monk Gerwig von Wohfahrt... In 1571 the territory was secularized by Kurpfalz (Electoral Palatinate) and taken by Bavaria in 1628.  The town, itself, was founded in 1614 by religious refugees of the Calvinist (Reform) faith.    

button Walkenried.  Presently in Kreis Goslar, Niedersachsen.  Formerly prelate nullius.  1648 secularized.. Passed later to the ruling family Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel...

button Wallis.  Presently in Switzerland (Sitten or Le Valais) after 1814.  Formerly bishopric.  During the time of the Reformation the Protestants were repressed.  It had been a republic for a short period of time.

button Wangen im Allgau.  Presently in Baden-Wuerttemberg on the Obere Argen River. Date founded not mentioned, however, it is known as one of the early medieval towns.. Gained charter in 1217.  Imperial city in 1281.  A great deal of linen trade with Italy occurred .... butit's prosperity fell when it was reduced to ruin in the Thirty Years War.... Formerly Reichsstadt.  In 1803 the territory became Bavarian.  1810 passed to Wuerttemberg.

button Warburg.  Presently in Nordrhein-Westphalia.  Formerly Reichsstadt.  The bishopric of Paderborn took control  in _____ .

button Wartenberg. Counts zu.  Imperial counts from 1707 to 1739....  No estates mentioned.

button Weilburg.  Presently in Oberlahnkreis, Hessen.  See Nassau-Weilburg in the Wetterauische Grafenkolleg.  See Nassau.

button Weil der Stadt.  Presently in Kreis Leonburg, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Reichsstadt.  Member of the Catholic corpus in the Peace of Westphalia.  In 1802 the territory was taken into Wuerttemberg.

button Weingarten.  Presently in Kreis Ravensberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly prelate nullius.  Was the seat of the imperial Landvogtei (administrative region)  for Oberschwaben (Upper Schwabia) until 1805.  The  woman's abbey, which was founded in 10 th c.,  and their properties were secularized in 1802.

button Weinsberg,  "owners of" (?no title).  Presently in Kreis Heilbronn, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Graafschaft.  In the 16th c. the vote in the Reichstag was cancelled.  In ____ the Wuerttembergs took the territory and became the battlefield of this family's army vs the peasants in what was to be called "The Peasant War" (Bauernkreig) from 1524-1525....  

button Weissenau.  Location is unknown.

button Weissenburg (Wissembourg).  Presently in Department Bas-Rhin, France after 1673....  Formerly Reichsstadt and prince-bishopric. From 1306 to 1673 it was a Reichsstadt. In 1534 the town became Protestant.  Was represented by Speyer in the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia. (1648)

button Weissenburg im Nordgau.  Presently in Regierungsbezirk, Mittelfranken, Bayern (Bavaria).  Formerly Reichsstadt.  Member of the Protestant corpus at Peace Westphalia (1648).  In 1806 the territory was taken into Bavaria.  There are remnants of Romans having resided in this town because of the ruins of a fort and baths.  On a nearby peak the Margave von Ansbach [Hohenzollern] built the 16 th c. Schloss Wuelzburg.  

button Weissenwolf, Count of (von) Ungnade.   See Ungnade von Weissenwolf. 

button Werden.  Presently in  _______. Formerly prelate nullius.

button Werdenberg and Heiligenberg.  Presently in  _______.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of Schaebische Grafenkolleg.  The ruling family since 1530  were Princes von Fuerstenberg, who were Catholic.  See Fuerstenberg....

button Wernigerode.  Presently in Bezirk Magdeburg, Thurgina.  Formerly in  German Republic.  Ruling family were Counts von Stolberg and noted in Wetterauische Grafenkolleg.

button Wertheim.  Presently in Kreis Tauberbischofsheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg.  Ruling family was von Lowenstein - Wertheim who were Protestant.  See Loewenstein....

button Wesel.  See Niederwesel.

button Westerburg.  Presently in Oberwesterwald-Kreis, Rheinland-Pfalz.  Formerly Grafschaft.  The ruling family was von Leiningen-Westerburg (Protestant)....

button Westfalisch (Westphalisch) Grafenkolleg (Count's Association) membership before 1806:

button Wettenhausen.  Presently in ______ (Bavaria?)  Data unclear as to status as a Grafschaft. In the 16 th c. the representative _______ was a member of the Swabian Reichsritterschaft (imperial knights)....  In 1130 Augustinian monastery was founded..

button Wetterauische Grafenkolleg in 1648, Members of  (Members of the collegium were represented by Kurbrandenburg IElectoral Brandenburg) in the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648).  They were  the following Princes and Counts):

button Wetzlar (Wetlaria).  Presently in Hessen on the Lahn River.  Formerly Reichsstadt.  At the Peace of Westphalia (1648) member of the Protestant corpus. 897 the Collegiate Church of St. Mary's construction began.... In the 12th c. Emp. Friedrich I Barbaossa (1122-90) built his fortress known as Kalsmunt. The Teutonic Knights held the Lotte's House ....  1693 to 1806 seat of the Reichskammergericht (highest court of the Holy Roman Empire under the House of Hapsburg) 1815 became part of the Prussian (Hohenzollern) Rhein Province. 1932 "assigned" to Province Hessen-Nassau.

button Wied and Runkel.  Presently in Oberlahnkreis, Hessen.  Formerly Grafschaft.  The ruling family  (Protestants) Princes zu Wied-Runkel and Princes zu Wied-Neuwied were associated with the estates of Kriechingen, Upper Grafschaft Wied, Wied-Neuwied.

Note:  The people of this territory were "hospitable" to religious groups who were dissenting from the Catholic Church, who in time migr. to America...

button Wiesentheid.  Presently in _____  Formerly Grafschaft.  Ruling family were Counts von Schoenborn and listed as Reichsberg and Wiesentheid.

button Wildenfels.  Presently in  _______  1593 it's vote in the Reichstag was cancelled.

button Wild and Rheingrafen, Counts Salm of (von).  Members of the Wettauische Grafenkolleg.  Counts von Wild and Rheingrafen were Catholic; the Graumbach branch were Lutheran.  See Rheingrafen.

button Wimpfen.  Presently in Bad Wimpfen, Kreis Heilbronn, Baden-Wuerttemberg.  Member of the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Wesphalia.  1802 the town was taken by Baden.  1803 it was taken by Hesse.  1952 it was "annexed" to Kreis Heilbronn.

button Windisch-Graetz,  Counts of (von).  Personal member of the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg.  Catholic family from Oberbayern (Upper Bavaria) who, also, held property in Styria and Austria.

button Windsheim.  Presently in Kreis Uffenheim, Regierungsbezirk Mittelfranken, Bayern (Bavaria).  Formerly Reichsstadt.  Nuernberg represented the territory in the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648)

button Winneburg and Beilstein.  Presently n. Cochem and der Mosel, Rheinland-Pfalz (Palatinate).   Herrschaft.  Member of the Westaelisch Grafenkolleg.  The Catholic ruling family was von Metternich-Winneburg.  1801 the territory fell to France.  After 1815 held by Prussia (Hohenzollern).

button Wittem.  Presently in ______ Formerly Grafschaft.  Counts von Plettenberg was the territory's representative.

button Wittgenstein.  Presently in Nordrhein-Westphalen.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of the Wetterauische Grafenkolleg.

button Wolckenstein.  Presently in France who absorbed it in the 17 th c. .  Formerly Grafschaft.

button Wolfenbuettel.  See Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel.

button Wolfstein.  Presently in  ______ .  Held allodial heirs.  Formerly Grafschaft.  Member of the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg.  The Protestant Princes von Hohenlohe-Kirchberg (Neuenstein line) and Protestant  Counts von Giech were the representatives of this territory.

button Wolgast.  Presently in Bezirk Rostock.  Formerly part of the German Democratic Republic.  See Pommern-Wolgast.

button Worms (Vormatia).  Presently in Rheinland-Pfalz (Palatinate).  Formerly Reichsstadt and bishopric. The Kurmainz (Electoral of Mainz) represented the bishopric in the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648). Protestants were the members of the Reichsstadt  The history of the area dates back to an old Keltic settlement (Borbetomagus).  The Romans built a fort (Civitas Vangionun).  In the 4 th c. the bishopric estate here.  During the period known as the "Great Migration" it was the capital of the Burgundian kingdom...  Huns raided then destroyed the town in 437...  By the 11th c. the town held a large Jewish population and left their mark in the cemetery which is the largest in Germany for the time period of 11th and 12th c. .  1074 Emp. Heinrich II gave the city customs rights... 1122 the Concordat of Worms ended the investiture conflict between the pope and emperor...  1254 when Worms became allies with Mainz, they "inaugrated" the Confederation of the Rhine.  Many Imperial diets were held in Worms, the best known was the Diet of 1521 when Martin Luther stood in front of the Catholic diet and defended his doctrines...... The Thirty Years War ruined the city's prosperity.... 1797 the city was ceded to France.  1815 was given to Hesse-Darmstadt.   Merged with Bavarian Pfalz (Palatinate)... The name translated from old German means "dragon". In the old tale of the Nibelungs in the Rhine,  here is where Hagen sunk the treasure and where the King Gunther of the Burgundians established his seat.....

Note:  Families of Remmick (Remick, Remig, Roemich, Roemmich, Roemigius) and Pfaff date back to villages (Neustadt, Edenkoen, Kaiserlautern and Speyer near Worms.  See family history.  

button Wuerttemberg.  Presently a joined German State known as Baden-Wuerttemberg. Formerly Grafschaft, a Duchy and Kingdom of Wuerttemburg.  The territory had been part of the old Duchy of Swabia until the fall of the Hohenstaufen Emperors in the 13 th c. .  A local family, the Wuerttembergs, rose in power.  Conrad, Lord of Wuerttemberg is the founder of this dynasty. By 1495 the family Lord Eberhardt VI was raised to the rank of duke.  The family acquired Urach, Calw and part of the Duchy of Teck.  Ulric VI embraced the Reformation and for a brief time was expelled.... Ulric VI was told he was to accept Austria as overlord of his Duchy... Became an ally of Charles V... This line  (Urach Branch) held no heirs and passed to Frederick I (Stuttgart Branch)...  d. 1608.  The Duchy of Wuerttemberg were members of the Protestant corpus at the Peace of Westfphalia (1648).  The ruling family were von Wuerttemberg (Lutheran).  The ducal family was Catholic.  The early Counts von Wuerttemberg held a seat at the Rotenberg bei Stuttgart.  In 1801 Wuerttemberg lost properties west of the Rhine River, however, they were compensated nicely when they received church territories of Ellwangen, Schoental and Zwiefalter, five cloister and nine Reichsstaedte.  Their friendship with Napoleon. 1802 Napoleon granted Frederick II the titles of Elector and then King of Wuerttemberg [Frederick I] ... The King's daughter, Catherine wedded Napoleon's brother Jerome ....   In 1805 gave them additional properties of Oberschwaben (Upper Swabia), many (not named) Grafschaften and Landvogtel Altdorf. When other dynasties, who were enemies of Napoleon were mediatized, their territories were given to Wuerttemberg.  In 1809 they absorbed the territories of the Deutschorden (Teutonic Knights). 1871 Wuerttemberg became part of the German Empire while reserving substantial powers for future kings... King William II abdicated in 1918.  He died without issue .... One of his uncles, Charles Louis, daughters Louise m. Alexander I of Russia, and was known as Empress Elizabeth after she accepted the Orthodox religion...

Other branches were Dukes of Teck who were  M. of Cambridge and E. of Athlone:  Dukes of Urach, Counts of Sponneck and Barons of Esperance; and Dukes of Wuerttemberg-Oels (ext. 1792)....

The Prussian Royal Family of Hohenzollern hold their  roots at Hohen zollern Burg, a castle, near. Tuebingen, Wu.

Note:  See some photographs of Wuerttemberg where some of the Remmick-Hubert families lived.. They are listed on the index page.   under Wuerttemberg section and in the map section.....

Rulers of Wuetterberg were:

button Wuerzburg.  Presently in  Unterfranken, Bayern (Bavaria) at the ford of the Main River.  First records tell us that it was called Castellum Virteburg and under the protection of a Duke of the Franks  in 704...   706 Duke Hedan built a chapel and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary on the Wuerzburg.... however, the settlement itself was known as Marienberg.  Between 1000 and 1200 the various emperors (Salian and Staufen) built 20 churches ... By the 1300s Emp. Frederick I Barbarossa held five imperial diets in Wuerzburg as it was by then called... and it was here he married in 1156 to Beatirce of Burgunday.  He also raised the Bishops to the rank of Dukes of Franconia.  Conrad von Querfurt built a massive keep which became the corner of the castle of the burghers... The Prince-Bishops of the House of Schoenborn built a great number of structures... Formerly bishopric. Member of the Catholic corpus at the Peace of Westphalia (1648). 1802-1803 the territory was seculatized under Bavaria. 1806 - 1814 it is stated it was held by the Hapsburgs of Austria (Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany (Grand Duchy of Toscana).  In 1814 "absorbed" by Bavaria 

button Wunstorf.  Presently in Kreis Neustat am Ruebenberge, Niedersachen.  Formerly Grafschaft.  1533 the vote in the Reichstag was cancelled.

button Wurmbrand, Counts of (von).  Presently members of the Fraenkische Grafenkolleg.  They were the family of von Wurmbrand-Stuppach who were Catholic and, also, held lands in Styria (Austria).  

button Wykradt.  Presently in ______  . Formerly Grafschaft.  The ruling family were th Catholics von Quadt-Wykradt-Isny.  They were cousins to Freiherrn Baron Frederick von der Trenck of Prussia.



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